Vocabulary and Spelling


Spelling/Vocabulary – Lesson 1


first (adv.) - before other things or events

next (adv.) - immediately following in time and order

then (adv.) - soon afterward in time and order 

last (adv.) - in the end, after all others

after (adv.) - later in time





Spelling/Vocabulary - Lesson 2


mid (middle)

mis (not or wrong)

sub (under or below)


-midpoint (n.) – the middle part of a process

-midterm  (n.) – the halfway point of a grading period

-mislead (v.) – to guide wrongly

-mistake  (n.) – an error or incorrect response

-mistrust (v.) – to doubt or be wary of

-subdue (v.) – to bring under control

-submerge (v.) – to put under water

-subway (n.) – an underground passage or tunnel







Spelling/Vocabulary - Lesson 3


uni (one)

bi (two)

tri (three)


-unison – a performance of something at the same time

-uniform – clothing worn by one group

-unit – a single thing or person

-unique  – one of a kind

-binoculars – an instrument used to see with both eyes

-biped – a two footed creature

-trilogy – a group of three novels, plays, films or albums

-trio – group of three people or things







Spelling/Vocabulary - Lesson 4


dis (not, opposite of)

non (not)

de (opposite, against)


-disagree (v.) – to have or express a different opinion

-disengage (v.) – to separate or release from something

-disappear (v.) – to become invisible or go away

-disobey (v.) – to refuse to follow or go along with

-nonsense (n.) – foolish or meaningless words, ideas or actions

-nonfiction (n.) – writing that is based on facts, real events and real people

-nonliving (adj.) – dead or not alive

-decrease (v.) – to lower or break down into a smaller amount

-decay (v.) – to break down or rot

-destroy (v.) – to damage or ruin




Spelling/Vocabulary - Lesson 5


-able (able to)

-ful (full of)

-less (without)


-boastful (adj.) – describes someone who boasts, or brags, a lot

-harmful (adj.) – full of harm

-respectful (adj.) – full of respect

-harmless  (adj.)– not causing harm

-endless (adj.) – without end

-limitless (adj.) – having no limit

-lovable (adj.) – able to be loved

-bendable (adj.) – able to bend







Spelling/Vocabulary - Lesson 6





-or       (all three mean “one who”)



manager (n.) -- a person who manages others

publisher (n.) -- a person who prepares and prints materials

employer (n.) -- a person who hires, or employs, another person

photographer (n.) -- a person who takes pictures of people or things

scientist (n.) -- a person who has expert knowledge in the sciences

therapist (n.) -- a person skilled in a type of therapy

author (n.) -- a writer of an article, report, or book

investigator (n.) -- a person who inspects and examines a situation

educator (n.) -- a person who teaches others

doctor (n.) -- a physician





Spelling/Vocabulary -  Lesson 7



-tion (action/state/process of)


-ness (state or quality of)


-ment (state or condition of)



invitation (n.) -- the written or spoken form with which a person is invited


attention (n.) -- a concentration of the mind on a single object or thought


restriction (n.) -- a law or rule that limits or controls something


pollution (n.) -- the action making land, water, air, etc., dirty and not safe or suitable to use


happiness (n.) -- the state of being happy


business (n.) -- the activity of making, buying, or selling goods or services in exchange for money


fitness (n.) -- the condition of being physically fit and healthy


statement (n.) -- an opinion, attitude, etc., that you express through the things you do or say


agreement (n.) -- a situation in which people share the same opinion


government (n.) -- the group of people who control, govern, and make decisions for a country, state, etc.









Spelling and Vocabulary – Lesson 8

-inter (between)

-trans (across)



interject (v.) – to throw a remark into a conversation between two other people

Internet (n.)– a worldwide computer system that allows information sharing between people

interrupt (v.) – to break into a conversation between two people

interstate (adj.) – between states

intermission (n.) – the break between two acts of a play

transport (v.) – to carry something from one place to another

translate (v.) – to change from one language to another

transfer (v.) – to move from one location to another

transcript (n.) – a written, printed or typed copy

transform (v.)  – to change in form, appearance or character







Spelling and Vocabulary – Lesson 9



graph (write)

anti (against)

tele (far away)



graph (n.) – a diagram used to show relationships (ex: bar graph, line graph, circle graph)


photography (n.) – using light to record (or “write”) an image onto paper or a computer


cartography (n.) – mapmaking


calligraphy (n.) – a very fancy type of penmanship


antisocial (adj.) – describes someone who is not social


antibiotic (n.) – remedy against a bacteria that has invaded the body


antidote (n.) – remedy given against a poison


telegraph (n.) – a way to transmit messages along a wire in the 1800s


telescope (n.) – a device with lenses used to see very far away


television (n.) – a machine in which pictures that are broadcast far away and be seen












Spelling/Vocabulary Lesson 10


sol (sun)

bio (life)

ology (study of)



solar (adj.) – involving the sun


parasol (n.) – an umbrella protecting from the sun


solstice (n.) – one of two times a year when the sun is the greatest distance from Earth’s equator


biography (n.) – a book that tells about a person’s life


biosphere (n.) – the part of the earth where organisms live


biohazard (n.) – something that’s harmful to the life of humans, animals, and plants, etc.


biology (n.) – the study of living things


geology (n.) – the study of rocks and the earth’s surface


pathology (n.) – the study of diseases


ecology (n.) – the study of the Earth’s environment












Spelling/Vocabulary – Lesson 11

-auto (self)

-terra  (land)

-tract (pull)


autopilot (n.) – a setting on a plane where it flies itself

automobile (n.) – a vehicle that moves by itself (doesn’t need to be pulled)

automatic (adj.) – describes something being able to start or move on its own

territory (n.) – an area, region or piece of land

terrace (n.) – a raised, flat mound of earth that looks like a platform

tractor (n.) – a machine that carries or pulls large items or equipment

subtract (v.) – to pull away from or reduce

extract (v.) – to pull out

contract (n.) – a written agreement between at least two people or groups

distract (v.) – to pull attention away from something








Spelling/Vocabulary - Lesson 12


-port (carry)

-multi  (many)

-phone (sound)


portfolio (n.) – a case used for carrying items

export (v.) – to carry out of the country

transportation (n.)– a means of carrying someone or something from one place to another

report (v.) – to carry information back and forth

multiply (v.)– to make a few things into many

multicolored (adj.) – having many colors

multitask (v.) –to do more than one thing at a time

microphone (n.) – a device used to make small sounds much louder

phonics (n.) – the study of the sounds that letters make

xylophone (n.) – an instrument that makes sound using a mallet







Spelling/Vocabulary – Lesson 13

cent = hundred

duo = two

kilo = thousand


  • centipede (n) – an insect said to have 100 legs       


  • century (n)100 years                                                  



  • percent (n) – a proportion out of 100  (ex: 46 out of 100 is 46 percent)                                


  • duel (n) – a fight between 2 people    


  • duet (n) – music played or sung by 2 people                                                


  • duplex (n)2 homes in one building


  • duplicate (n) – a 2nd copy of something


  • kilobyte (n)1,000 bytes (a byte is a unit used to measure storage space in devices)


  • kilogram (n) – a unit of measurement for weight equal to 1,000 grams                     


  • kilometer (n) – a unit of measurement for length equal to 1,000 meters       


  • reached


  • listen


  • wind


  • rock


  • space   



Spelling and Vocabulary – Lesson 14

aud = hear

dict = say

scope = see



audible (adj.) – able to be heard


audio (n.)— the sound portion of a broadcast


auditorium (n.) – a large room used to hear plays or concerts


microscope (n.) – a device used to see very small objects


telescope (n.) – an instrument used to see objects over a long distance


stethoscope (n.) – an instrument used by doctors to “see” what is going on inside the body by listening to sounds


diction (n.) – the manner or style in which something is said


contradict (v.) – to speak against something


verdict (n.) – the decision a jury makes/speaks in a trial


predict (v.) – to say what will happen before it does













Spelling/Vocabulary – Lesson 15


meter = measure

para = beside

dia = across



barometer (n.) –instrument that measures air pressure


perimeter (n.) –measurement around the outside edge


odometer (n.)— instrument that measures mileage in your car


diameter (n.) – measurement of a straight line across the center a circle


paragraph (n.) – a section of a piece of writing that has a common idea


parallel (adj.) – to be beside and equidistant apart


parasite (n.) – an organism that lives of and on another living being


dialect (n.) – a form of language spoken by people living in a certain area


dialogue (n.) – a conversation between two people


diagnosis (n.) – the identification of an illness by looking at all the symptoms 









Spelling/Vocabulary – Lesson 16

per = through

extra = beyond                                                                                           

photo = light


percolate (v.) – to drip through a small opening and filter a liquid


perforate (v.) – to make holes through something


persevere (v.) – to keep going without giving up; to push through difficulty


permanent (adj.) – lasting throughout time


extraordinary (adj.) – beyond ordinary


extravert (n.) – an outgoing person, beyond usual social behaviors


extravagant (adj.) – going beyond what is necessary


photograph (n.) – image made on light sensitive film


photogenic (adj.) – capable of being photographed well


photosynthesis (n.) – the process where plants turn light into food for themselves









Spelling/Vocabulary – Lesson 17


  • verse (n.) – one line of a poem


  • rhythm (n.) – the regular patterns of sound in the poem, like the beats in music



  • rhyme (n.) – words that have the same ending sound, often found at the end of lines


  • stanza (n.) – verses or lines grouped together like a paragraph


  • line (n.) – one row in a poem, also known as a verse


  • meter (n.) – a pattern of strong and weak syllables in a verse or line


  • simile (n.) – a type of figurative language that compares two things using like or as


  • metaphor (n.) – a type of figurative language that compares two unlike things by renaming without using like or as


  • repetition (n.) – repeating the same word, verse or line in a poem


  • poetry (n.) – a collection of words that expresses a thought or feeling


  • numeral


  • table


  • north


  • slowly


  • money


Vocabulary/Spelling – Lesson 18



  • script (n.)  - a set of directions that tells you a play’s features; it also tells who the characters are, what they say and do, and what the setting is
  • stage directions (n.) - tells about any action or movement on stage
  • director (n.) - the person who is in charge of telling the actors how to act
  • cast of characters (n.) - lists all of the characters that appear in the play
  • setting (n.) - tells where and when the play takes place
  • audience (n.) - people who watch and listen to a play
  • drama (n.) - a play that is written to be performed on stage
  • description (n.) - gives details about how the setting or characters look
  • playwright (n.) - a person who writes a play
  • dialogue (n.) - tells exactly what the actors say on stage
  • map
  • farm
  • pulled
  • draw
  • voice



Spelling/Vocabulary – Lesson 19



  • you’re (contraction) – you are                                                              ex: You’re a great friend.


  • your (pronoun) – belonging to you                                                      ex: This is your house.


  • there (adv.) – in, at, or to that place                                                ex: I threw my ball over there.


  • their (pronoun) – belonging to them                                                  ex: This is their house.


  • they’re (contraction) – they are                                                           ex: They’re a nice family.


  • to (prep.) – expresses motion or direction                      ex: She is coming to my house today.


  • too (adv.) – also                                                                                                     ex: I will come, too!


  • two (adj.) – the number                                                                                      ex: I have two dogs.


  • right (adv.) – true or correct                                 ex: That was the right answer. Am I right?


  • write (v.) – to mark on a surface, usually paper                  ex:  Please write your answer.


  • seen
  • cold
  • cried
  • plan
  • notice



Spelling/Vocabulary – Lesson 20

geo = Earth

aqua = water                                                                                                   

hemi = half


  • geology (n.) – the study of what the Earth is made of and its history


  • geography (n.) – the study of the Earth’s land, water, and atmosphere


  • geolocation (n.) – the process of identifying the geographical location of a person or device on the Earth using the Internet.


  • geode (n.) – a rock on Earth containing a cavity lined with crystals


  • aquarium (n.) – a water container for fish


  • aquatic (adj.) – having to do with water


  • aquamarine (n.) – a gem stone that is the blue-green color of water


  • aqueduct (n.) – a pipeline for water


  • aqualung (n.) – a portable breathing device strapped on an underwater diver’s back that gives air through a mouthpiece


  • hemisphere (n.) – half of the globe


  • south


  • sing


  • war


  • ground


  • fall


Vocabulary – Lesson 21

contra = opposite

non = not                                                                                                      

post = after


contradict (v.) – to express the opposite


contrary (adj.) – completely different; opposite in nature


contrast (v.) – looking at things to see how they are opposite


nonviolent (adj.) – not violent; peaceful


nontoxic (adj.) – not poisonous or not harmful


nonstick (adj.) – not sticky (ex. a pan that doesn’t allow food to stick)


nonessential (adj.) – not necessary


postdate (v.) – to write on something a date that comes after the real date


postpone (v.) – to move something to after the date it was planned


posttest (n.) – a test taken after content is taught










Spelling/Vocabulary – Lesson 22

scrib = write

struct = build                                                                                               

ject = throw


scribble (n.) – sloppy writing that is hard to read


describe (v.) – to write or say how something looks using adjectives


scribe (n.) – a person who writes for another


construction (n.) – the act of building something


infrastructure (n.) – the basic things around which a city is built         (ex: roads, schools, power supply, etc.)


reconstruct (v.) – to build again


dejected (adv.) – to feel thrown down in spirit; to feel sad


projectile (n.) – an object thrown with great force


eject (v.) – to throw out


interjection (n.) – a word thrown into a sentence that adds emotion















Vocabulary – Lesson 23


gram = write

opt = eye                                                                                                       

vis = see


grammar (n.) – the study of the way words are used and written in language


grammatical (adj.) – describes something having to do with grammar


cardiogram (n.) – the written pattern by a heart monitor of the movements of the heart


optic (adj.) – having to do with the eye


optometrist (n.) – a doctor who specializes in eye problems


optimism (n.) – “seeing” the best in a situation


vision (n.) – seeing


visit (v.) – to go see someone


advise (v.) – to tell someone the way you see it


invisible (adj.) – unable to be seen












Spelling/Vocabulary – Lesson 24

tact = touch

morph = form                                                                                              

omni = all


tactile (adj.) – describes having to do with the sense of touch


intact (adj.) – not damaged in any way


contact (n.) – the condition of being physically touched


tactful (adj.) – showing consideration of other people


morph (v.) – to transform


metamorphosis (n.) – the process of changing shape


omnivore (n.) – an animal that eats both plants and animals (all things)


omnipresent (adj.) – to be everywhere (all places)


omnipotent (adj.) – having total (all) power


omniscient (adj.) – to know everything (all)












Spelling/Vocabulary – Lesson 25

{Character Traits}


clever (adj.) – mentally bright


confident (adj.) – sure of self


curious (adj.) – eager to learn and know


generous (adj.) – giving freely


honest (adj.) – showing uprightness and truthfulness


lonely (adj.) – feeling alone


responsible (adj.) – reliable and dependable


selfish (adj.) – caring only for yourself


spoiled (adj.) – describes someone who has been harmfully pampered


stubborn (adj.) – unreasonably defiant